Login to your Account
Search Santa Fe Homes New Listings Newly-Priced My Listings Neighborhoods Las Campanas TESUQUE HISTORIC EASTSIDE Search Land

Spanish Settlements

Albuquerque was founded near the Rio Grande by Captain Hurtado, Father Juan Minguez, and 252 original
settlers who acquired land from the Spanish government on a provisional basis. Other settlements were
established as far north as Ojo Caliente and beyond the Pecos. The Genizaro settlements of Abiquiu,
Tome, Belen, and San Miguel were established as defensive zones on the outer areas of the province.

New crops, including wheat, were introduced, planted, and grown throughout the province. Grapes for
wine were introduced to the region. Apple, cherry, and apricot trees were brought into the area.
Sheep were more prevalent than cattle in New Mexico and the Indians used the wool for weaving instead
of cotton. Punche, a native false tobacco was being planted to replace the tobacco plant. A few
vegetables were also planted to supplement the food supply of the settlers and the Indians. After
these crops were harvested, they became trade goods.

Native American History in Santa Fe
Spanish History
Santa Fe Lore

About Me Santa Fe Real Estate Market Reports Market Snapshot News About Santa Fe